Hardwoods up in smoke
1 Easily-removed Julbernardia bark makes a conveniently-removed tray that may end up killing the tree.
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Informational campaigns, technical training, and markets for small pieces are needed to improve the tendency to waste hardwood resources.
5 More large branches of a valuable Khaya will be burned after the biggest planks are removed. 
6 This entire tree was felled just to get at a comb of wild honey in upper branches. 
7, 8 Tall stumps left during sawtimber removal could be made into pieces worth 20 to 50 dollars if exported. 
9 A field's worth of Pterocarpus is girdled ("ringbarked") to eliminate crop competition and sell for 50 cents a pile on the roadside.
4 Crooked handsawn planks have spoiled this high-quality piece of Pterocarpus. 
Large Pterocarpus treetops are often left to rot after the butt log is removed.  
A single barkhive swath removed from this Brachystegia will certainly kill the tree, while several more barkhives were still available higher up the trunk and large branches; felling the tree was too much trouble and expense.  
Photos from Guinea, Zambia, and Benin  by Cecilia
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